Maryland Driving Laws: What You Should Know Before Hitting The Road

by Elaine SmithMay 7, 2023

Maryland, known for its rich history and picturesque landscapes, is a popular destination for tourists and a bustling hub for its residents. As the state's population continues to grow, it is essential to be well-informed about Maryland driving laws and regulations that ensure safety on the road.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various aspects of Maryland driving laws, including licensing requirements, safety measures, and traffic regulations, to help you navigate the roads with confidence and contribute to a safer driving environment for all.

Overview of Road Accidents in Maryland

Road accidents are a significant concern in Maryland, as they are in many states across the United States. In recent years, Maryland has witnessed a fluctuation in the number of road accidents, injuries, and fatalities.

According to the Maryland Department of Transportation Highway Safety Office, in 2021, approximately 120,278 car crashes were recorded in the state. Out of this staggering number, 522 resulted in fatalities.

By raising awareness and following Maryland driving laws and safety tips, drivers can contribute to a safer environment for all road users.

Licensing Requirements and Testing

Maryland requires all drivers to possess a valid driver's license to operate a motor vehicle legally. The state offers different types of licenses based on the driver's age, experience, and vehicle type.

Here's a breakdown of the licensing process in Maryland:

  • Learner's Permit: Obtained at age 15 years and nine months, requires a written test and vision screening.

  • Provisional License: Issued after holding a learner's permit for at least nine months, requires completion of a driver's education course and a supervised driving period.

  • Full Driver's License: Issued after holding a provisional license for at least 18 months and meeting specific requirements, such as maintaining a clean driving record.

Safety Measures and Equipment

Maryland has established a set of laws to ensure vehicle safety on the road. These laws encompass everything from seatbelts to child restraints and vehicle inspections. Key regulations include:

  • Seatbelt Laws: All drivers and passengers must wear seatbelts, with few exceptions for medical reasons or certain vehicle types.

  • Child Restraint Laws: Children under the age of 8 and less than 4 feet 9 inches tall must be secured in a federally-approved child restraint system.

  • Vehicle Inspection: All vehicles registered in Maryland must undergo a one-time safety inspection before initial registration, with periodic emissions inspections required thereafter.

Speed Limits and Traffic Laws

Speed limits in Maryland vary depending on the type of roadway and surrounding environment. Obeying posted speed limits is critical for maintaining safety on the roads.

  • Urban Areas: Generally 30 mph, unless otherwise posted.

  • Rural Roads: 50 mph or as posted.

  • Highways: 55-70 mph, depending on location and conditions.

Distracted Driving and Cell Phone Use

Distracted driving is a significant concern in Maryland, as it is in many states. To combat this problem, Maryland has implemented strict laws regarding cell phone use while driving:

  • Handheld Device Ban: All drivers are prohibited from using handheld devices while driving, including talking, texting, and using GPS.

  • Hands-free Devices: Drivers of all ages may use hands-free devices, but it is recommended to minimize their use to prevent distraction.

Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Laws

Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is a severe offense, according to Maryland driving laws. The state has implemented strict penalties for those who choose to drive while impaired:

  • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits: 0.08% for drivers 21 and older, 0.02% for drivers under 21, and 0.04% for commercial drivers.

  • Penalties: Fines, license suspension or revocation, mandatory education programs, and potential imprisonment.

Motorcycle Laws and Safety

Motorcycle riders in Maryland are subject to specific laws and safety regulations:

  • Helmet Laws: Helmets are required for all riders, regardless of age, and must meet the Department of Transportation (DOT) protective gear standards.

  • Eye Protection: Eye protection is required for all riders, unless the motorcycle is equipped with a windscreen.

  • Motorcycle License Endorsement: To operate a motorcycle in Maryland, riders must have a motorcycle endorsement on their driver's license, which requires passing a written test and a road test.

Bicycle Laws and Safety

Cyclists in Maryland are subject to specific laws and safety regulations to ensure their protection and that of other road users:

  • Riding on Roadways: Cyclists are required to ride in the same direction as traffic and as close to the right side of the road as practicable.

  • Helmet Laws: Helmets are not legally required for cyclists over the age of 16 but are highly recommended for safety purposes.

  • Lighting and Visibility: Bicycles must be equipped with a white headlight and a red taillight when used between sunset and sunrise.

Frequently Asked Questions

Let’s take a closer look at these FAQs about Maryland driving laws.

Are helmets required for motorcycle riders in Maryland?

Helmets are required for all motorcycle riders in Maryland, regardless of age, and must meet the Department of Transportation (DOT) standards.

Can I use my cell phone while driving in Maryland?

Maryland prohibits all drivers from using handheld devices while driving. However, drivers of all ages may use hands-free devices, although it is recommended to minimize their use to prevent distraction.

What are the penalties for driving under the influence (DUI) in Maryland?

Penalties for DUI in Maryland include fines, license suspension or revocation, mandatory education programs, and potential imprisonment, depending on the severity of the offense and the driver's history.


Understanding and adhering to Maryland driving laws is crucial for ensuring safety on the road. By adhering to these regulations, drivers, motorcyclists, and cyclists can minimize the risk of accidents and contribute to a safer environment for all road users. To learn more about car safety tips, head over to Keep Driving for valuable resources.

Managing Editor Before joining Keep Driving, Elaine was an editor for an international internet technology consulting firm. She shows tremendous interest in writing about future technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learnings.
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